The Downfall of the Spanish Armada in Ireland

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The English navy inflicted a narrow defeat on the Armada, but it was the Irish coast that encompassed its downfall. The course set for the retreating Armada would have given it a safety margin of 300 miles. But in the Atlantic they encountered continuous southerly winds and unknown ocean currents; they became separated and lost. Scattered groups descended on Ireland, arriving at seventeen different locations from Donegal to Kerry. Many found shelter, but a few were lost by accidental grounding. On 21 September fourteen ships were destroyed by hurricane force winds. In all 24 ships were lost in Ireland and about 5,000 men died far more than in the battles with the English fleet. From the reviews: This book describes how the lack of navigational knowledge and ignorance of the western seaboard of Ireland, helped by some freak weather, finished off what Drake and his fellow mariners began and the story is a fascinating revelation of the realities of naval warfare in the sixteenth-century, this book is well worth reading not only because it debunks the mythology that surrounds the Spanish Armada and gives an intriguing insight into the life of sixteenth-century Ireland, but also because it underlines the tragedy and sordid futility of war. Des Kenny, Galway Advertiser